Crow Extended Model Fleet Analysis Example

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This example appears in the Reliability Growth and Repairable System Analysis Reference.

11 systems from the field were chosen for fleet analysis. Each system had at least one failure. All of the systems had a start time equal to zero and the last failure for each system corresponds to the end time. Group the data based on a fixed interval of 3,000 hours, and assume a fixed effectiveness factor equal to 0.4. Do the following:

  1. Estimate the parameters of the Crow Extended model.
  2. Based on the analysis, does it appear that the systems were randomly ordered?
  3. After the implementation of the delayed fixes, how many failures would you expect within the next 4,000 hours of fleet operation.
Fleet Data
System Times-to-Failure
1 1137 BD1, 1268 BD2
2 682 BD3, 744 A, 1336 BD1
3 95 BD1, 1593 BD3
4 1421 A
5 1091 A, 1574 BD2
6 1415 BD4
7 598 BD4, 1290 BD1
8 1556 BD5
9 55 BD4
10 730 BD1, 1124 BD3
11 1400 BD4, 1568 A


  1. The next figure shows the estimated Crow Extended parameters.
  2. Upon observing the estimated parameter , it does appear that the systems were randomly ordered since . This value is close to 1. You can also verify that the confidence bounds on include 1 by going to the QCP and calculating the parameter bounds or by viewing the Beta Bounds plot. However, you can also determine graphically if the systems were randomly ordered by using the System Operation plot as shown below. Looking at the Cum. Time Line, it does not appear that the failures have a trend associated with them. Therefore, the systems can be assumed to be randomly ordered.
  3. After implementing the delayed fixes, the system's projected MTBF is equal to as shown in the plot below.

    To estimate the number of failures during the next 4,000 hours, calculate the following:

    Therefore, it is estimated that 4 failures will be observed during the next 4,000 hours of fleet operation.