Expected Failure Times Plot Example

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This example appears in the Life Data Analysis Reference book.


In this example you will use the Expected Failure Times plot to estimate the duration of a planned reliability test. 4 units were allocated for the test, and the test engineers want to know how long the test will last if all the units are tested to failure. Based on previous experiments, they assume the underlying failure distribution is a Weibull distribution with \beta = 2\,\! and \eta = 500\,\!.

Solution

Using Weibull++'s Expected Failure Times plot, the expected failure times with 80% 2-sided confidence bounds are given below.


From the above results, we can see the upper bound of the last failure is about 955 hours. Therefore, the test probably will last for around 955 hours.

As we know, with 4 samples, the median rank for the second failure is 0.385728. Using this value and the assumed Weibull distribution, the median value of the failure time of the second failure is calculated as:

\begin{align}
  & Q=1-{{e}^-{{{\left( \frac{t}{\eta } \right)}^{\beta }}}}\Rightarrow  \\ 
 & \ln (1-Q)={{\left( \frac{t}{\eta } \right)}^{\beta }} \\ 
 & \Rightarrow t=\text{349.04}\\ 
\end{align}\,\!

Its bounds and other failure times can be calculated in a similar way.

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