Three Level Compromise Test Plan for One Stress

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Three Level Compromise Test Plan for One Stress

This example validates the results for the 3 level best compromise test plan with one stress in ALTA.


Reference Case

The data set is from Example 20.5 on page 542 in the book Statistical Methods for Reliability Data by Dr. Meeker and Dr. Escobar, John Wiley & Sons, 1998.


Data

A Weibull distribution with an Arrhenius life-stress relationship is used. The Arrhenius relationship uses the following formula:

[math]ln(\eta) = \beta_{0} + \beta_{1} \times \frac{11605}{T}\,\![/math]


The planning values of the model parameters for the test plan are [math]\beta\,\![/math] = 1.667,   [math]\beta_{0}\,\![/math] = -16.7333 and [math]\beta_{1}\,\![/math] = 0.7265. These planning values were obtained based on the following assumptions: 0.1% of the units will fail in 6 months (183 hours) at 50°C, and 90% will fail in 6 months at 120°C. This information is given in Example 20.2 on page 535.

The use temperature is 50°C (323.15°K) and the highest temperature that can be used in the test is 120°C (393.15 °K).

A total of 300 units are available for testing. Three temperature levels can be used and 20% of the units will be tested at the middle temperature level. The objectives of the test plan are to:

  • Determine the three temperature levels that should be used in the test.
  • Determine the number of test units at the high and the low temperature levels.

Tests will be conducted using the created test plan. The failure data from the test will be used to estimate the model parameters and the reliability model, which are then used to predict the B10 life at 50°C and its variance. Therefore, we need a test plan that will minimize the estimation variance for the B10 life at 50°C.


Result

The 3 level compromise test plan is:

  • 156 units should be tested at 78°C (351.15°K)
  • 60 units should be tested at 98°C (371.15°K)
  • 84 units should be tested at 120°C (393.15°K)

Based on this test plan, the estimated standard error for the B10 life at 50°C is [math]Ase\left [log \left(\hat{t}_{0.1}(50) \right) \right] = 0.4375\,\![/math] .


Results in ALTA

The planning information is entered in ALTA, as shown below.

Compromise plan one stress.png


The resulting test plan is shown below.


Compromise plan test plan.png


The test plan shows that (starting at row 24 in the picture above):

  • The low stress level should be 364.56°K (91.41°C) and about 159 units should be tested at this temperature.
  • The middle stress level should be 378.32 °K (105.17°C) and about 60 units should be tested at this temperature.
  • The high stress level should be 393.15 °K (120°C) and about 81 units should be tested at this temperature.


The estimated standard deviation of the log B10 life at 50°C can be obtained by:

[math]Ase\left[log \left(\hat{t}_{0.1}(50) \right) \right] = \frac{Ase\left(\hat{t}_{0.1}(50)\right)}{\hat{t}_{0.1}(50)} = \frac{1181.94}{2990.09} = 0.3953\,\![/math]


The above results are different from the results in the book. In the following discussion, a simulation study is conducted to check the result obtained from ALTA.


Using SimuMatic to Evaluate the Test Plan

We will use the ALTA SimuMatic utility to evaluate the test plan. The following picture shows the settings used in the Main tab of SimuMatic (with [math]\alpha_{1} = \beta_{1} \times 11605\,\![/math]):

Compromise plan simumatic.png


The rest of the settings in SimuMatic are as follows:

  • Stress tab:
Use level = 323.15, Transformation = Reciprocal
  • Censoring tab:
Right censoring after time 183.
  • Settings tab
Seed = 10, Precision = 4, Number of data sets = 1000
  • Reliabilities and Times tab
Reliability value = 0.9


The simulation results are shown next.

Compromise plan simumatic2.png


We take the natural log of the B10 life (the last column) and calculate its standard deviation. The calculated standard deviation is 0.4062. This is very close to the analytical solution from the ALTA test plan tool, where the standard deviation is 0.3953.

This standard deviation is smaller than the standard deviation given by the test plan in the book. Therefore, the test plan generated in ALTA is better than the test plan given in the book in terms of minimizing the estimation variance of the B10 life.